GD – Wastage of Farm Products

Group Discussion Topic

It is sad that a significant amount of agricultural produce like food grains, vegetables and fruits get wasted in our country. In your opinion, what is the best way to reduce such wastage?

Improve Agricultural Infrastructure
Farmer – Industry Partnership
Increase Agricultural Exports

Improve Agricultural Infrastructure

There are several examples of improvement in agricultural infrastructure that have been successful in reducing wastage of agricultural produce and increasing productivity. Infrastructure includes all facets like transportation, storage, food processing and financial incentives.

Rail and Road connectivity would greatly reduce food wastage

The Grain Train in Australia is a fleet of specialized trains that transport grain from rural areas to urban centers. This infrastructure improvement has helped reduce the cost of transporting grain and has increased the efficiency of the supply chain, resulting in less wastage.

The Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) in Kenya is a modern railway system which has reduced transportation time for agricultural produce from Mombasa to Nairobi from several days to just a few hours. This has resulted in less spoilage of perishable goods such as vegetables and fruits, and increased profits for farmers.

China has invested in improving rural infrastructure through the Belt and Road Initiative, which includes building roads, ports, and other infrastructure projects in rural areas to improve connectivity and reduce transportation costs. They have also implemented precision agriculture technologies to optimize resource use and reduce wastage.

Food Processing and Storage Infrastructure

The Punjab Mega Food Park in India is a modern food processing and storage facility that provides farmers with access to cold storage, packaging, and processing facilities. This infrastructure has helped reduce wastage of perishable goods and has increased the shelf life of produce, resulting in higher profits for farmers.

Cold storage facilities are used to store perishable crops such as fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. They are equipped with refrigeration units that maintain a consistent temperature to prevent spoilage. India’s National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD) has implemented several cold storage facilities across the country to improve the storage and preservation of perishable crops.

Underground storage facilities are used to store crops such as potatoes, carrots, and onions. They are underground chambers that provide a stable and cool environment for the crops, which can extend their shelf life. The United States, Australia, and Canada are some countries with efficient underground storage facilities.

Controlled atmosphere storage facilities are used to store fruits and vegetables by controlling the temperature, humidity, and gas levels in the storage environment. This method can extend the shelf life of produce and reduce spoilage. The Netherlands is a leader in controlled atmosphere storage technology and has implemented several facilities across the country.

Grain silos are commonly used to store grain crops such as wheat, corn, and rice. They are airtight containers that protect the grain from moisture, pests, and other environmental factors that can cause spoilage. Examples of countries with efficient grain storage silos include the United States, Canada, Australia, and Russia.

Transportation by waterways is an effecient solution

The Netherlands’ has developed a network of Greenports, which are clusters of agricultural companies that specialize in different areas of agriculture. The Greenports are supported by modern infrastructure such as ports, airports, and logistics hubs, which have helped to improve transportation and reduce wastage of agricultural produce.

The expansion of the Panama Canal has allowed larger ships to pass through, resulting in reduced transportation costs and improved efficiency in the supply chain. This infrastructure improvement has helped to reduce wastage of agricultural produce by reducing transportation time and costs.

Financial Incentives would reduce wastage

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has invested in rural infrastructure through programs such as the Rural Development Infrastructure Grant. This program provides funding to rural communities for infrastructure projects, including water and wastewater systems, telecommunications, and renewable energy.

Brazil has implemented the Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento (PAC) program, which provides funding for infrastructure projects including roads, ports, and airports to facilitate the transportation of agricultural produce. They have also invested in improving irrigation systems and expanding storage facilities.

Crop Insurance programme in India

India has implemented the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) scheme, which provides crop insurance to farmers and promotes the use of technology to monitor crop growth and detect issues early on. The government has also invested in improving rural roads, irrigation systems, and storage facilities.

Upgrade of Agricultural Technology

The Netherlands has implemented precision agriculture technologies such as sensors and drones to monitor crop growth and optimize resource use. They have also invested in greenhouse technology, which enables year-round crop growth and reduces water usage.

Solar-powered storage facilities are designed to provide off-grid storage solutions for farmers in remote areas. They use solar panels to generate electricity to power refrigeration units and other equipment. The Solar Freeze project in Kenya has implemented several solar-powered storage facilities across the country to improve the storage and preservation of crops.

Farmer – Industry Partnership

Food processing industries can provide many benefits to farmers, including access to markets, expertise, infrastructure, and employment opportunities. By working together, farmers and food processing industries can build sustainable agricultural systems that benefit everyone involved.

Industry Partnership Programs for storage and marketing

Food processing industries provide a ready market for farmers to sell their produce, which helps to stabilize prices and ensure a consistent demand for their crops. This can help farmers to plan their production and improve their income. Companies like Britannia can assure farmers of a forecast demand for wheat throughout the year. Farmers can plan their crop accordingly and prevent wastage.

Food processing industries add value to agricultural produce by processing and packaging them into products that can be sold at a higher price. This can help farmers to increase their income and reduce food waste by utilizing produce that may not meet the standards of fresh food markets. Brands like Kissan or Maggi can convert perishable products like tomatoes to ketchup which can be preserved for a long time.

Technology support from Food Processing Industries

Food processing industries often invest in infrastructure such as storage facilities, transportation networks, and processing plants. This infrastructure can benefit farmers by providing them with improved access to markets, reducing post-harvest losses, and increasing their income.

Nestle, has established the Dairy Farming Institute in China to help local farmers improve milk quality and increase production. The institute provides training and education on dairy farming practices, and also offers technical assistance to farmers.

Kellogg’s had launched the Origins Program to support sustainable agriculture and improve the quality of the ingredients used in their products. The program provides funding and technical assistance to farmers to help them adopt sustainable farming practices and increase their crop yields.

General Mills had launched the Partners in Food Solutions program to help small-scale farmers in Africa improve their production and access to markets. The program provides technical assistance and training to farmers, and also helps them connect with buyers for their crops.

Specialised knowledge from industry participation

Food processing industries often have specialized knowledge and expertise that can be shared with farmers to improve their production methods and crop yields. This can include information on soil health, pest management, and irrigation techniques, among other things.

Tasty Bite had established a cooperative for local farmers to help them improve their crop yields and ensure a steady supply of high-quality ingredients for their products. The cooperative provides training, technical assistance, and access to financing for farmers.

McCain Foods had implemented several farmer support programs in countries such as India and China to help farmers improve their potato yields and quality. These programs provide training, technical assistance, and access to financing for farmers.

Increase agricultural exports

Advanced nations also explore alternative markets such as processing, exports, and industrial use for agricultural produce that may not meet the standards of fresh food markets. This helps to reduce wastage by creating demand for produce that would otherwise go unsold.

These strategies have helped countries to increase their agricultural exports and build a competitive and sustainable agricultural sector. By focusing on diversification, infrastructure, modern farming techniques, market access, and branding, countries can improve the value and visibility of their agricultural products in international markets.

India has a great potential to increase its agricultural exports rapidly by focusing on improving infrastructure, increasing productivity, diversifying crop production, improving market access, and promoting branding and marketing. India can build a sustainable and competitive agricultural sector that benefits farmers and the economy as a whole. There are several countries that have increased their agricultural exports exponentially over the years.

Sucessful export promotion examples

Brazil is one of the largest agricultural exporters in the world, with exports of soybeans, sugar, and coffee, among other products. Brazil has increased its agricultural exports exponentially over the years, with the value of exports growing from $14 billion in 2000 to $100 billion in 2020.

Vietnam has emerged as a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly seafood, coffee, and rice. The country has made significant investments in infrastructure and technology, which has enabled it to increase its agricultural exports exponentially. The value of Vietnamese agricultural exports grew from $5 billion in 2000 to $41 billion in 2020.

Chile is a major exporter of fruits, particularly grapes, cherries, and blueberries. The country has developed a sophisticated cold chain logistics system, which has enabled it to export fresh fruits to distant markets. The value of Chilean agricultural exports grew from $5 billion in 2000 to $18 billion in 2020.

New Zealand is known for its high-quality dairy products, meat, and wine, among other agricultural products. The country has increased its agricultural exports by investing in research and development, promoting sustainable agriculture practices, and developing niche markets for its products.

Diversification of crop producion for exports

Successful countries have diversified their crop production to include high-value crops that are in demand in international markets. This helps to increase the value of their agricultural exports and reduce their dependence on a single commodity. For example, Peru has diversified its crop production to include avocados, blueberries, and asparagus, among other products.

Infrastructure and Marketing for exports of agricultural produce

Successful countries have invested in infrastructure to improve transportation, storage, and processing of agricultural products. This includes building new ports, airports, and railways, as well as cold storage facilities and processing plants. For example, Ethiopia has invested in infrastructure to improve its coffee exports, building new processing plants and transportation networks.

Successful countries have invested in branding and marketing their agricultural products to make them more recognizable and appealing to international buyers. This includes promoting the quality, uniqueness, and nutritional benefits of their products. For example, Thailand has successfully promoted its rice exports by branding them as high-quality, organic, and sustainable.

Trade agreements for agricultural exports

Successful countries have improved market access by negotiating trade agreements with other countries, reducing trade barriers, and promoting their products in international markets. This helps to increase demand for their agricultural products and open up new export opportunities. For example, Mexico has improved market access for its agricultural products through the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and other trade agreements.