CSV to HTML

SUB - TOPICS
Function And Methods Of Lubrication - Lubrication Systems - Methods Of Oil Circulation - Oil Pump And Filter Requirements - Qualities And Grades Of Oil - Oil Temperature And Pressure Control - Oil Cooling Methods Recognition Of Oil System Malfunctions
Principles Of Magneto Ignition - Construction And Function - Purpose And Principle Of Impulse Coupling - Serviceability Checks - Recognition Of Malfunctions - Operational Procedures To Avoid Spark Plug Fouling
Principles Of Float Type Carburettor - Construction And Function Methods To Maintain Correct Mixture Ratio - Operation Of Metering Jets And Accelerator Pump - Effect Of Altitude - Manual Mixture Control - Maintenance Of Correct Mixture Ratio - Limitation On Use At High Power - Avoidance Of Detonation - Idle Cut - Off Valve - Operation And Use Of Primary Engine Controls - Air Induction System - Carburettor Icing - Use Of Hot Air - Injection Systems - Principles And Operation
Classifications Of Fuels - Grades And Identification By Colour - Quality Requirements - Inspection For Contamination - Use Of Fuel Strainers And Drains
Fuel Tanks And Supply Lines - Venting System - Mechanical And Electrical Pumps - Gravity Feed Tank Selection - System Management
Propeller Nomenclature - Conversion Of Engine Power To Thrust - Design And Construction Of Fixed Pitch Propeller - Forces Acting On Propeller Blade - Variation Of Rpm With Change Of Airspeed - Thrust Efficiency With Change Of Speed - Design And Construction Of Variable Pitch Propeller - Constant Speed Unit Operation - Effect Of Blade Pitch Changes - Wind - milling Effect
Starting Procedures And Precautions - Recognition Of Malfunctions - Warming Up - Power And System Checks - Oil Temperature And Pressure Limitations - Cylinder Head Temperature Limitations - Ignition And Other System Checks - Power Limitations - Avoidance Of Rapid Power Changes - Use Of Mixture Control
Electrical System - Operations Of Alternators/Generators - Direct Current Supply - Batteries - Capacity And Charging - Voltmeters And Ammeters - Circuit Breakers And Fuses - Electrically Operated Services And Instruments - Recognition Of Malfunctions - Procedure In The Event Of Malfunctions
Components - Pumps - Regulator And Gauge - Filter System - Recognition Of Malfunction - Procedures In The Event Of Malfunctions
Composition And Structure - ICAO Standard Atmosphere - Atmospheric Pressure
Air Resistance And Air Density - Boundary Layer - Friction Forces - Laminar And Turbulent Flow - Bernoulli’S Principle – Venturi Effect
Airflow Around A Flat Plate - Airflow Around A Curved Plate (Aerofoil) - Description Of Aerofoil Cross Section - Lift And Drag - Cl And Cd And Their Relationship To Angle Of Attack
Aerofoil Shapes And Wing Plan forms - Induced Drag - Downwash Angle - Vortex Drag - Ground Effect - Aspect Ratio - Parasite (Profile) Drag - Form - Skin Friction And Interference Drag - Lift/Drag Ratio
Balance And Couples - Lift And Weight - Thrust And Drag - Methods Of Achieving Balance
The Three Planes - Pitching About The Lateral Axis Rolling About The Longitudinal Axis - Yawing About The Normal Axis - Effects Of The Elevators (Stabilisers) - Ailerons And Rudder - Control In Pitch - Roll And Yaw - Cross Coupling - Roll And Yaw - Weight And Aerodynamic Balance Of Control Surfaces
Basic Trim Tab - Balance Tab And Anti - Balance Tab - Purpose And Function - Method Of Operation
Simple - Split - Slotted And Fowler Flaps - Purpose And Function - Operational Use - Slats - Leading Edge - Purpose And Function - Normal/Automatic Operation
Stalling Angle Of Attack - Disruption Of Smooth Airflow - Reduction Of Lift - Increase Of Drag - Movement Of Centre Of Pressure - Symptoms Of Development - Aeroplane Characteristics At The Stall - Factors Affecting Stall Speed And Aeroplane Behaviour At The Stall - Stalling From Level - Climbing - Descending And Turning Flight - Inherent And Artificial Stall Warnings - Recovery From The Stall
Wing Tip Stall - The Development Of Roll - Recognition At The Incipient Stage - Immediate And Positive Stall Recovery
Definitions Of Static And Dynamic Stability Longitudinal Stability - Centre Of Gravity Effect On Control In Pitch - Lateral And Directional Stability - Inter - Relationship - Lateral And Directional Stability
Structural Considerations - Manoeuvring And Gust Envelope - Limiting Load Factors - With And Without Flaps - Changes In Load Factor In Turns And Pull - Ups - Manoeuvring Speed Limitations - In - Flight Precautions
Side Loads On The Landing Gear - Landing - Taxiing - Precautions During Turns
Axis - Poles - Meridians Of Longitude - Parallels Of Latitude - Great Circle - Small Circle - Rhumb Line - Hemispheres - North/South - East/West
Aeronautical Maps And Charts (Topographical) - Projections And Their Properties - Conformality - Equivalence - Scale - Great Circles And Rhumb Lines Distances - Units And Measurements
True North - Earth’S Magnetic Field - Variation – Annual Change - Magnetic North - Vertical And Horizontal Components - Isogonals - Agonic Lines
Magnetic Influences Within The Aeroplane - Compass Deviation - Turning - Acceleration Errors - Avoiding Magnetic Interference With The Comass
Plotting Positions - navigation Protractor Measurements Of Tracks - Relief - Symbols
Ias - Cas And Tas - Track - True And Magnetic - Wind Velocity - Heading And Groundspeed - Triangle Of Velocities - Calculation Of Heading And Ground Speed - Drift - Wind Correction Angle - Eta - Dead Reckoning - Position - Fix
Usage Of CX2 Or CX3
Relationship Between Universal Coordinated (Standard) (UTC) Time And Local Mean Time (LMT) - Definition Of Sunrise And Sunset Times
Selection Of Charts - Route And Aerodrome Weather Forecasts And Reports - Assessing The Weather Situation - Plotting The Route - Considerations Of Controlled/ Regulated Airspace - Airspace Restrictions - Danger Areas - Etc. - Use Of AIP And NOTAM - ATC Liaison Procedures In Controlled/ Regulated Airspace - Fuel Considerations - En - Route Safety Altitude(S) - Alternate Aerodromes - Communications And Radio/Navaid Frequencies - Compilation Of Flight Log - Compilation Of Atc Flight Plan - Selection Of Check Points - Time And Distance Marks - Weight And Balance Calculations - Weight And Performance Calculations
Mass And Balance - Limitations On Maximum Mass - Forward And Aft Limitations Of Centre Of Gravity - Normal And Utility Operation - Mass And Centre Of Gravity Calculations – Aeroplane Manual And Balance Sheet
Take - Off - Take - Off Run And Distance Available - Take - Off And Initial Climb - Effects Of Mass - Wind And Density Altitude - Effects Of Ground Surface And Gradient - Use Of Flaps during Landing - Effects Of Mass - Wind - Density Altitude And Approach Speed - Use Of Flaps - Ground Surface And Gradient In - Flight - Relationship Between Power Required And Power Available - Performance Diagram - Maximum Rate And Maximum Angle Of Climb - Range And Endurance - Effects Of Configuration - Mass - Temperature And Altitude - Reduction Of Performance During Climbing Turns - Gliding - Adverse Effects - Icing - Rain - Condition Of The Airframe - Effect Of Flap"
Composition And Structure - Vertical Divisions Pressure - Density And Temperature - Barometric Pressure - Isobars - Changes Of Pressure - Density And Temperature With Altitude - Altimetry Terminology - Diurnal Variation Of Temperature - Adiabatic Process - Temperature Lapse Rate - Stability And Instability
Water Vapour In The Atmosphere - Vapour Pressure - Dew Point And Relative Humidity - Condensation And Vaporization - Precipitation
High And Low Pressure Areas - Motion Of The Atmosphere - Pressure Gradient - Vertical And Horizontal Motion - Convergence - Divergence - Surface And Geostrophic Wind - Effect Of Wind Gradient And Wind shear On Take - Off And Landing - Relationship Between Isobars And Wind - Buys Ballot’S Law - Turbulence And Gustiness - Local Winds - Fahn - Land And Sea Breeze
Cooling By Advection - Radiation And Adiabatic Expansion - Cloud Types - Convection Clouds - Orographic Clouds - Stratiform And Cumulus Clouds - Flying Conditions In Each Cloud Type
Radiation - Advection - Frontal - Freezing Fog - Formation And Dispersal - Reduction Of Visibility Due To Mist - Snow - Smoke - Dust And Sand - Assessment Of Probability Of Reduced Visibility - Hazards In Flight Due To Low Visibility - Horizontal And Vertical
Description Of And Factors Affecting The Properties Of Air Masses - Classification Of Air Masses - Region Of Origin Modification Of Air Masses During Their Movement - Development Of Low And High Pressure System - Weather Associated With Pressure Systems
Conditions Conducive To Ice Formation - Effects Of Hoar Frost - Rime Ice - Clear Ice - Effects Of Icing On Aeroplane Performance - Precautions And Avoidance Of Icing Conditions - Powerplant Icing - Precautions - Prevention And Clearance Of Induction And Carburettor Icing
Formation – Air Mass - Frontal - Orographic - Conditions Required - Development Process - Recognition Of Favourable Conditions For Formation - Hazards For Aeroplanes - Effects Of Lightning And Severe Turbulence - Avoidance Of Flight In The Vicinity Of Thunderstorms
Hazards - Influence Of Terrain On Atmospheric Processes - Mountain Waves - Wind shear - Turbulence - Vertical Movement - Rotor Effects - Valley Winds
General Seasonal Circulation In The Troposphere - Local Seasonal Weather And Winds - Development And Effect Of Valley Inversions - Reduction Of Visibility Caused By Low Drifting And Blowing snow
Operational Aspects Of Pressure Settings - - Pressure Altitude - Density Altitude - Height - Altitude - Flight Level - ICAO Standard Atmosphere QNH - QFE - Standard Setting - Transition Altitude - Layer And Level
Aerodrome Meteorological Offices - Aeronautical Meteorological Stations - Forecasting Service - Meteorological Services At Aerodromes - Availability Of Periodic Weather Forecasts
Weather Analysis And Forecasting - Weather Charts - Symbols - Signs - Significant Weather Charts - Prognostic Charts For General Aviation - Reports And Forecasts - Interpretation Of Coded Information METAR - TAT - Availability Of Ground Reports For Surface Wind - Wind shear - Visibility / Broadcasts - VOLMET - ATIS - SIGMET
Ground D/F - Application - Principles - Presentation And Interpretation - Coverage - Errors And Accuracy - Factors Affecting Range And Accuracy / QDM
ADF - Including Associated Beacons (NDB) And Use Of The Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI) - Application - Principles - Presentation And Interpretation - Coverage - Errors And Accuracy - Factors Affecting Range And Accuracy
Basics And Usage - Principles - Presentation And Interpretation - Coverage - Errors And Accuracy - Factors Affecting Range And Accuracy"
Application - Principles - Presentation And Interpretation - Coverage - Errors And Accuracy - Factors Affecting Range And Accuracy
Application - Principles - Presentation And Interpretation - Coverage - Errors And Accuracy - Factors Affecting Range And Accuracy